The automotive industry perpetually introduces new features that enhance driver experience on top of existing popular systems such as infotainment and navigation systems, Bluetooth and USB connected-car functionality, high-performance LED lighting, and more. View More..
Eliminate Those Automotive Load-Dump Circuit Protection Headaches
Advanced Circuit Protection Components Guide
ProTek offers a guide on advanced circuit protection for overvoltage and overcurrent transient events. View More..
Summing up Circuit Protection for USB 3.0 and USB in Automotive Applications
Challenges of circuit protection for USB 3.0 interfaces and automotive applications. View More..
Mini Mindmap for Interface Circuit Protection
ProTek offers a quick view of the company's advanced circuit protection products. These products cover a range of applications including HDMI, CANBus, LVDS, Ethernet in a variety of package configurations View More..
Electromagnetic Compatibility Criteria for the 30KPA33A Tested under RTCA/D
The following is a test report on the electromagnetic compatibility criteria for the 30KPA33A tested under RTCA/DO-160G. View More..
Solder Reflow Information for Standard Packaging
Solder reflow information guide for standard package configurations. View More..
Applications Solutions Matrix
Application solutions matrix for ProTek Devices products. View More..
ESD Protection Solutions for High Speed Communication Ports
This paper discusses standard requirements for ESD. It highlights overvoltage protection solutions for the most common high speed interfaces. View More..
Automotive Electronics Advances Usher in a Greater Need for Circuit Protect
Every year, the automotive industry introduces more features that leverage advanced electronics. Many of these new electronics features are marketed for occupant safety, entertainment and conveniences. Vehicles are introduced with systems for blind spot warnings, lane departure warnings, accident warnings, parking assistance, and much more. This is in addition to established electronics systems - stereos, navigation, LCD displays, and critical basic control and power systems. It is more important than ever to protect the circuitry of these advanced automotive electronics systems. Providing proper circuit protection helps ensure safety while reducing warranty and service related costs for manufacturers. View More..
Protecting LVDS Interfaces
Low-Voltage Differential Signaling or LVDS is a technology used in a variety of high-speed data transmission applications such as switches, set-top boxes and flat panel displays. In the simplest form, an LVDS interface, as defined by IEEE 1596.3 and ANSI/TIA/EIA-644, is a driver that transmits the signal over a trace or a cable to a receiver. View More..
TVS Protection for RS-422 Using the PSOT05C
RS-422 (or EIA422) is a communication interface standard that specifies the electrical characteristics of digital signaling. RS-422 provides data transmission via balanced or differential signaling, over terminated or non-terminated transmission lines. View More..
TVS Devices & Transmission Rates
This brief discusses device capacitance with regards to transmission rates. View More..
Flip Chip Mounting Tutorial
The Flip Chip mounting tutorial recommends pad sizes, pick and place tools as well as reflow characteristics. View More..
USB 3.0 Layout Suggestions Using ProTek Devices' Parts
This brief is to assist the design engineer in the placement of ProTek Devices various parts for the protection of USB 3.0 applications. View More..
Ethernet Layout Suggestions Using ProTek Devices' Parts
This brief is to assist the design engineer in the placement of Protek Devices various parts for the protection of Ethernet applications against the effects of Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) and secondary lightning. The placements are for illustration purposes only, as the PCB engineer may have tighter geometries that are not shown in the below drawings. View More..
HDMI Layout Suggestions Using ProTek Devices' Parts
This brief is to assist the design engineer in the placement of Protek Devices various parts for the protection of HDMI applications against the effects of Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) and secondary lightning. The placements are for illustration purposes only, as the PCB engineer may have tighter geometries that are not shown in the below drawings. View More..
Human Body Model (HBM) vs IEC 61000-4-2
Many ESD standards such as Human Body Model (HBM), Machine Model (MM), Charged Device Model (CDM) and IEC 61000-4-2 have been developed to test the performance and robustness of electronic devices. Unfortunately, these standards are frequently misunderstood and often used interchangeably. View More..
Converting 10/1000us Pulse Equivalents to DO-160E Waveforms
This brief assists the design engineer that requires protection from DO-160E, Section 22 transients, in selecting the proper transient voltage suppression device that only shows 10/1000µs waveform parameters on the specification. View More..
Paralleling Transient Voltage Suppressors for Higher Power Capability
Avalanche Breakdown Diodes (TVS) offer a great deal of flexibility in circuit protection. These devices are available in voltages ranging from 2.8 Volts to 400 Volts and in power ratings from 80 Watts to 30,000 Watts. TVS devices are successfully used in higher voltage and power combinations, by configuring multiple TVS diodes in series or in parallel. View More..
ESD Standards vs Real World Conditions
What is ESD? How does it effect sensitive IC components? Why the standards don't measure up to real-world conditions? Find answers to these questions and more. View More..
Device Technology Comparison Chart
Comparison between GDT, MOVs and TVS Diodes View More..
High Speed USB Design Guide for Analog Devices
High speed USB design guide for analog devices. Contains board design, EMI/ESD guidelines, general routing and placement, high-speed USB trace spacing as well as other various rules of thumb for USB applications. View More..
EMI/ESD Filters for Cellular Phones
Cellular phones, as with all handheld and wireless devices are susceptible to the damaging effects of ESD transients. View More..
Introduction to Transient Voltage Suppressors
A brief discussion of the various suppression technologies, highlighting the advantage and disadvantages of each. View More..
What is a Transient Voltage Suppressor
This application note gives a general understanding of TVS devices and how they can be utilized to protect today's electronics. View More..
What is a Steering Diode Array
This application note gives a general understanding of steering diodes and steering diode/TVS arrays and how they can be utilized to protect today's electronics. View More..
The Differences Between Unidirectional and Bidirectional TVS Devices
This technical article discusses the differences between Unidirectional and Bidirectional TVS diodes. View More..
Understanding TVS Clamping
This application note gives a general understanding of the importance of clamping voltage in terms of TVS diodes. View More..
TVS Peak Pulse Power, Pulse Duration and Temperture
This application note explains the use of 3 fundamental curves and their relationships to TVS devices. View More..
USB Protection Solutions - PLR0502
This application note explains the use TVS protection and USB applications. View More..
A Primer on TVS Device ESD Modeling and Testing
This application note gives a brief overview of the dangers of ESD to circuits and the advantages of using TVS devices. View More..
Control Port Protection - RS485 & RS422 Solutions
This application note gives a brief overview of using TVS devices for protecting RS-485 and RS-422 applications. View More..
DVI Solutions Using the PLR0502, PLR0504F and PLR0508
This application note gives a brief overview of using TVS devices for DVI applications. View More..
Ethernet Protection - A Whole Solution
Using TVS devices in combination with other types of protection technology to provide a whole protection solution for Ethernet applications. View More..
SPICE Simulation: A Design Tool for Incorporating Low Capacitance TVS
SPICE modeling can be used to build a more-effective protection network that provides both transient immunity and noise filtering. View More..
Failure Modes and TVS Devices
Transient voltage suppressors (TVS) will fail if they are subjected to conditions beyond their designed limits. Therefore, it is important to understand the types of failure modes associated with TVS devices before designing them into a circuit applications. View More..
TVS Voltage Characteristics for an ESD Pulse
The most significant transient threat to IC components connected directly to I/O ports is ESD. Typical sources of ESD include Human Body Model (HBM), Machine Model (MM) and Charge-Device Model (CDM). View More..
Understanding Network Interface I/O Protection
With the increase in the number of network interface and immunity standards, selecting a transient voltage suppression (TVS) device for I/O port protection has become a very confusing process for today's design engineer. View More..
TVS Device Selection & Placement for Optimal EMC Design
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), one of many environments influencing circuit design and board layout today, encompasses both radiated emissions and transient immunity threats. Basic protection from these threats can be achieved through good engineering practices, such as shielding, grounding, bonding and applying transient voltage suppression (TVS) devices at key interface locations. View More..
Understanding Max Peak Pulse Power for TVS Devices
Silicon Avalanche Junction Transient Voltage Suppressors (TVS) are categorized according to their maximum peak pulse power rating (PPP) for a specific pulse waveshape. View More..